Turkey and the European Union Relations since the Ankara agreement- Best Answer 2022

Turkey and the European Union Relations

Turkey and the European Union Relations since the Ankara agreement- Best Answer 2022

Analytical paper that looks into the Turkey and the European Union relations.

In July 1959, shortly after the creation of the European Economic Community in 1958, Turkey made its first application to join. The EEC’s response to Turkey’s application in 1959 was to suggest the establishment of an association until Turkey’s circumstances permitted its accession. The ensuing negotiations resulted in the signature of the Agreement Creating An Association Between The Republic of Turkey and the European Economic Community (the “Ankara Agreement”) on 12 September 1963.

This agreement, which entered into force on 1 December 1964, aimed at securing Turkey’s full membership in the EEC through the establishment in three phases of a customs union which would serve as an instrument to bring about integration between the EEC and Turkey.

Turkey and the European Union Relations

The Ankara Agreement envisaged the progressive establishment of a Customs Union which would bring the Parties closer together in economic and trade matters. In the meantime, the EEC would offer financial assistance to Turkey. Under the First Financial Protocol which covered the period 1963-1970, the EEC provided Turkey with loans worth 175 million ECU. The trade concessions which the EEC granted to Turkey under the form of tariff quotas proved, however, not to be as effective as expected. Yet, the EEC’s share in Turkish imports rose from 29% in 1963 to 42% in 1972.

Turkey and the European Union Relations

Although the Ankara Agreement envisaged the free circulation not only of goods, but of natural persons, services and capital between the Parties, it excluded Turkey from the EEC decision-making mechanisms and precluded Turkey from recourse to the ECJ for dispute settlement.
The Customs Union that was to be established between the Parties went much further than the abolition of tariff and quantitative barriers to trade between the Parties and the application of a Common External Tariff to imports from third countries, and envisaged harmonisation with EEC policies in virtually every field relating to the internal market.

 

More focus on the contemporary issues such as the coup attempt in Turkey, IR crisis, deterioration of Eu-Turkey relations due to Erdogan’s assertive foreign policy

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