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Richard Nixon’s foreign policy
1. foreign policy
Nixon was the president during the cold war and focused on the following countries: Soviet Union, China, Vietnam, the Middle East, and Pakistan.
A. The Nixon doctrine
i. The Nixon Doctrine shifted the main responsibility for the defense of an ally, to the ally itself, especially regarding combat. The United States would work on the diplomacy, provide financial help and munitions, and help train the allied army. Specifically:
1. The U.S. would keep all its treaty commitments.
2. The U.S. would “provide a shield if a nuclear power threatens the freedom of a nation allied with us or of a nation whose survival, we consider vital to our security.”
3. In conflicts involving non-nuclear aggression, the U.S. would “look to the nation directly threatened to assume the primary responsibility of providing the manpower for defense
ii. A major long-term goal was to reduce the tension between the United States and the Soviet Union and China, so as to better enable the détente process to work.
iii. Nixon Doctrine was part of a shift in U.S. foreign policy away from a bilateral view of international relation
1. away from a sole focus on the U.S.-Soviet struggle for power. Nixon and his national security adviser, Henry Kissinger, envisioned a world in which the United States would not be the sole defender of freedom but would share that responsibility with its most-powerful allies.
2. Nixon hoped that one day the United States, the Soviet Union, western Europe, China, and Japan would coexist peacefully and trade together to their mutual benefit.