Description MSN5250: Statistics for Advanced Nursing Practice Team:____________ Critique Worksheet for Group Project Part A Elements of Critique Discussion State the practice problem/issue that is the focus of the study. How does this practice problem/issue affect your nursing practice? In your own words, state the purpose of the study. Is the research question clearly stated? What is the research question? Does it match the purpose of the study? Is the research hypothesis clearly stated? What is the research hypothesis? Does the hypothesis reflect the purpose of the study? Formulate a null hypothesis for this study. Who is identified as the target population? How were the subjects chosen (e.g., randomly, conveniently)? Who is included (e.g., males, females, children, adults)? Who is excluded (e.g., elderly, pregnant women, minorities)? How large is the sample? How was sample size determined? List the research variables. How are the variables described? What instruments or tools were used to collect data? Are the instruments sufficient for measuring the study variables? How is this assessed? Are the instruments valid and reliable? Are the instruments adequately described for you to understand what the score means? State the data collection procedures. How often was data collected and for how long? Were data analysis procedures clearly described? Were data logically organized/presented in tables, graphs and/or charts? Describe. What statistical tests were used to analyze data? What assumptions in the data must be met for the type of statistical tests used? Were these assumptions met? What were the levels of measurement for each variable in the study? Were statistical tests suitable to the types of data collected/levels of measurement? What was the alpha for each variable? Describe how statistical significance was demonstrated (or not) for each variable. Discuss study results. What were the findings? Is the research question/hypothesis answered? Were study limitations described? Can generalizations be made? Were there any unexpected findings? Discuss study recommendations. Is there an identified need for further research? Do study findings have clinical significance? Who will benefit from results of the study? Discuss implications of the study for nursing practice. What changes could you make in your practice based on the results of this study? Self-Care for Health in Rural Hispanic Women at Risk for Postpartum Depression Younglee Kim1 • Vivien Dee2 Published online: 19 July 2016 ? Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016 Abstract Objective To determine factors that affect self-care of rural Hispanic women at risk for postpartum depression (PPD). Methods This study was a descriptive cross-sectional design based on the key concepts of Orem’s Self-care Deﬁcit Nursing theory. Data were collected from 223 Hispanic postpartum women residing in Mecca, North Shore, and Thermal in California by an interviewer-administered survey. Four instruments were utilized: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) for PPD, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support for social support, Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) for spirituality, and Self Rated Abilities for Health Practices for self-care. Results The prevalence of women at risk for PPD was about 43 %. Social support, spirituality, and self-care ability were signiﬁcantly correlated in women with PPD. Social support was a strong factor in predicting self-care ability for ‘Nutrition’, ‘Psychological well-being’, ‘Exercise’, and ‘Responsible Health Practices’ in the rural Hispanic women at risk for PPD. Conclusions The study ﬁndings can enable nurses and healthcare professionals to develop effective tailored interventions to assist rural Hispanic women’s abilities to perform self-care for health, and in particular, during the postpartum period. Keywords Postpartum depression (PPD) ? Hispanic women ? Self-care ? Rural health Signiﬁcance Statement This is the ﬁrst study using Orem’s Self Care Deﬁcit Nursing Theory as a framework for this research. This study highlighted the prevalence of rural Hispanic women who were at risk for postpartum depression and their ability to provide self-care. Social support and spirituality were factors found to inﬂuence their self-care ability for health practices. Introduction Growth of Hispanics in Rural areas The Hispanic population has increased about 58 % between 1990 and 2000, and about 42 % between 2000 and 2010 and is the largest and fastest growing minority in the United States (Fraga et al. 2012). The United States Census Bureau 2010 reported that about 16.3 % of the total U.S. residents were self-identiﬁed as Hispanic or Latino. The deﬁnition of Hispanic or Latino used in the 2010 census refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central Americans or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. Hispanic or Latino was used interchangeably. Johnson (2012) reported that Hispanics contributed about 54 % of the rural population gain from 2000 to 2010. & Younglee Kim firstname.lastname@example.org Vivien Dee email@example.com 1 California State University San Bernardino, 5500 University Pkwy, San Bernardino, CA 92407, USA 2 Nursing Program, Azusa Paciﬁc University, 901 E Alosta Ave, Azusa, CA 91702, USA 123 Matern Child Health J (2017) 21:77–84 DOI 10.1007/s10995-016-2096-8 The population growth of the Hispanic group is projected to increase to about 30 % of the total U.S. residents by 2050 with 65.7 % of Mexican origin (Passel and Cohn 2008). This growth is more likely from the exponential increase of rural residents. This demographic change reﬂects the signiﬁcant attention to Hispanics for an overall healthy America (Kandel and Parrado 2006; O’Hare 2010). Data on Hispanic women in rural areas, however, are still lacking, which can impact the development of informed healthcare interventions or policies for rural health (Tripathy et al. 2010).